How to fight skin pigmentation and sun spots at home
When your skin produces an overabundance of melanin, the result is typically a dark mark on the surface of your skin. This can leave your skin looking uneven and patchy. If you suffer from skin pigmentation, or sun spots there are a few do it yourself treatments that may help. Let’s take a look at some of the options available for at home use.
Skin lightening or fade creams
Skin lightening products work to inhibit melanin production. They generally contain ingredients like hydroquinone or kojic acid. These ingredients prevent pigment forming in the area you apply them to. So after a few weeks of using one of these products, on your problem patches, you may be rewarded with a more even skin tone. When it comes to skin lightening creams with hydroquinone, ideally look for those that contain 2% of this active ingredient. This is typically the heaviest strength you will get without a prescription and therefore more likely to be successful than products with less active ingredient.
Alpha hydroxy acid products
Alpha hydroxyl acids (AHA’s) are a good option to use in conjunction with skin lightening creams. The speed up the rate in which our skin exfoliates away dead skin cells and therefore help to encourage new skin cell growth. This may help you achieve skin lightening results more quickly. AHA’s are now included in many different products, such as face wash, moisturizer and masks. Look for products that contain at least five percent AHA and apply the product as specified.
Another product that may help even out your skin is retinol. It contains Vitamin A like the doctor’s prescription product Retin-A, but in a reduced potency. Starting with a mild product can help ease your skin into Vitamin A use. Vitamin A also encourages old skin cells to shed and helps promote collagen production. Retinol products also come in different strengths. It is a good idea to look for those that contain 2% of Vitamin A or more. Any less may not have any real impact when it comes to treating skin pigmentation.
DIY skin peels
Another at home option is to look into doing your own skin peel. You can buy the ingredients required to perform a lactic or glycolic acid peel yourself. However, be mindful that this requires a certain level of know-how as you need to ascertain the correct peel percentage. A good starting point is often around 15-20% of Lactic acid, but those with sensitive skin may still encounter problems with this kind of peel. Do some research on what you will need to get the job done, without damaging your skin’s protective barrier function.
It is also worth looking into what the cause of your skin pigmentation may be as this may help you prevent further pigmentation. There are several different causes of hyperpigmentation. Some of the most common are sun damage and hormonal imbalances. For example, many women suffer from hyperpigmentation when taking the birth control pill.
Always wear sunscreen when heading outside and try to steer clear of excess sun and exposure during the middle of the day. This is particularly important if you live in a warm climate. If you take the pill and topical treatments do not appear to be improving your skin tone, consider talking to your doctor about changing your pill, or to another contraceptive.
If any of these at home treatments do not leave you with the desired results you might also like to look into more heavy hitting treatments. Some of the options offered by a dermatologist or cosmetic physician include; prescription strength bleaching products, Retin- A, laser resurfacing, or chemical peels. It is a good idea to ask around to get a recommendation on who to visit.
Oliver Santos writes on consumer related topics for the daily deals site BluePromoCode.com. Our site offers you the latest discounts and deals offered by top skin care companies – you can find great discounts including SkinStore coupons and Skin Care Heaven promo codes. Swing by our site to get the scoop on the best deals for your skin care needs.